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Map of Farm houses in Veneto


 

Information on Veneto


Population:

4.363.157 abitanti

Surface:

18.365

Boundaries:

In the north with Austria, in the east with Friuli venezia Giulia and the Adriatic Sea, in the south with Emilia Romagna, in the west with Lombardy and Trentino Alto Adige.

Agriculture:

In days long gone by, the economy of this region was centred almost entirely on agriculture and some few years ago Veneto was one of Italy's major producers of maize and hemp. With the passing the years however, this economical sector entered a critical period, but eveen so, compared to the other regions agriculture still maintained a reasonable lovel of production. The cultivation of maize, sugar beet, hemp, tobacco, peas. apples and soya bean is very well developed, especially soya which provides a 40 % of the national production. Wini culture and fruit growing are very important in this zone; the vines grow on the hills all around Verona. apples and peaches on the plain; olives, oranges and lemons grow on each side of Lake Garda. The region is not noted for cattle breeding although at one time, centuries ago, this agricultural sector was highly developed.

Landscapes:

From the geographical point of view, Veneto is the most varied region in the whole of the Italian peninsular; one could say that it has eight zones, each one quite different from the other; the Carniche Alps, the Dolomites, the Pre Alps, the Sub Alpine hill, the high Plainof he Po, the low Plain of the Po, the Po delta and the Berici and Euganei Hills. The mountainous area of the region is subdivided into the Carniche Alps and the Dolomite Mountains, their respective maximun altitudes being: Mount Peralba at 2.693 m and Mount Antelaoo at 3.263 m and the second group is the Tofane at 3.243 m the Civetta at 3.218 m the Cristallo (the famous Glass Mountain) at 3.216 m and the Cinquetorri (Five towers) at 2.575 m in the Dolomitian Alps. Of the Prealps, the most famous are the Lessini Mountains which make up the thirteen Cities ' Plateau, the Asiago Plateau with seven cities and the Bellunese Prealps on the north of the River Piave. Aunique feature of Veneto is the number of areas which rise to above 200 m, the so called sub alpine hills; the most well known of which are the Berici hills and the Euganei hills; the former which lie along the edge of the Lessini Mountains are the remains of ancient vulcanoes and are green hills interrupted here and there by small lakes, whereas the latter rise from the plain in regular cones shapes with sharp peals even though they were originally culcanic. Like Lombardy Veneto also possesses a High Plain where the soil is gravelly and very permeable, and a Low Plain with clay soil which is almost impermeable; the two plains are separated by an area called the Karst (spring) zone where river waters and rainfall absorbed in the high Plain reemerge. It must be esxplained that the very large Low Plain is never more than 30 40 m above sea level and in some places the ground depression is 2 3m below. Over the years the principal river in italy, the Po, Has formed an area of alluvial soil which spreads over about 5oo sq.kms.; this is due to the millions of cubic metres of material which the river has carried along tho make this area into the Po Delta. The other important rivers in Veneto are the Brenta 160 kms long, the Tagliamento 170 kms; the bacchiglione 113 kms, the Livenza 105 kms., and the Adige, longest of all these with 410 kms. and the second longest in Italy; however it must be said that none of the above mentioned rivers run its entire course in Veneto region, their sources are either in Lombardy or in Trentino Alto Adige. Besides this, Veneto also shares Lake Garga with Lombardy and Trentino Alto Adige; the largest lake which is wholly Venetian is that of Santa Croce. 8sq.kms. Finally the climate is very cold in the muntains becoming gradually milder towards the Plain where the winters are rather cold and the summers hot. Topography: Mountain 29.1% Hill 14.5% Plain 56.4%

Industry:

In the first ten years of this century veneto was one of the poorest industrial regins in Italy, whereas today this large part of our country is very well organised; in fact a good 42% of all the employed work in industry and are more or less equally divided among the various factories; mechanics, metal mechanics textiles, food products and clothing. Small industries like those of bicycles in the Vittorio Veneto, reading glasses etc; in Cadore and woollen factories in Valdagno are a special feature of the Venetian Provinces. Although ship building used to be much more important in the past, the naval shipyards are still viable commercial centres. In fact, it is commerce, among the other businesses, which has gradually increased in economic importance,; witness to this are the fairs held troughout the year at Verona and Padova. Financial business (banking) has grown too. Because of the diference of terrain in the region tourism is very brisk both in summer an winter; Veneto offers flat and sandy beaches along the coast and tall, snow covered mountains very suitable for skiing centres.

Cities:

The capital city of Veneto is Venice, an exremely important tourist centre and one of the most beautiful cities in the world. it stands on 18 small islands in the Lagoon 4 kms from the main land. The city's economy is based on port activities, textiles. boat building and of course all the business connected with tourism. An ancient Maritime Republic, Venice still has the most wonderful architecture and works of art which are the envy of the world. Among there is the very famous Piazza San Marco (St. Mark 's square) in which stand the stupendous Basilica of St. Mark, the Campanile (bell tower) the Palazzo Ducale (the Ducal Palace) and the Loggetta di Sansovino. The Churches of St. John and St. Paul and the Church of Santa Maria Gloriosa dei Frari (St. Mary the Glorious of the Friary) are all in Gothic style while the Vendramin Calergi Palace, the Church of Santa Maria dei Miracoli and the facade of San Zaccaria 9St. Zaccarius) date back to the Renaissance period. Venice is well known for the various spectacles (displays) held there like the Cinematographic Festival and the Venice Carnival. The Grand Canal with the Rialto, the Scalzi and Academia bridges is very famous and so too, is the island of Murano home of the glass factories. Verona, which lies at the foot of the Lessini mountains is a beautiful city on the River Adige. Because of its favourable geographical position Verona is a good centre both for industry and agriculture; fairs for these are well know throughout Europe and the city is also a busy tourist centre. Verona offers a multitude of works of art and architecture; the first to be mentioned must be the Arena the enormous Roman amphitheatre built in the 1st century A.D.. Other beautiful buildings are the medieval Castlvecchio old Castle built by Cangrande della Scala, the very old Church of San Zeno, the Duomo, in the Gothic style. the Church of sant'Anastasia and the Loggia del Consiglio council. Special features of the the city are the old Piazze squares notably piazza delle Erbe Market square and Piazza Bra'. The Casa di Giulietta Juliet's House is a great tourist attraction because William shakespeare chose Verona as the background to his play Romeo and Juliet. Padova situated between the two rivers Brenta and Bacchiglione to the west of the Venetian Lagoon is famous most of all for its University. Very little can be said about the economy which has been in a critical state for some years. On the other hand Padova has much to offer the tourist. it is a very interesting city with several medieval buildings such as the Palazzo della Ragione, (Palace of Reason) Palazzo della Cancelleria, (Chancellor's Palace) the Palazzo del Podesta' (the Major's Palace) the Duomo and the Baptistery. Architectural examples of the Roman Gothic style are the very beautiful Church of San Antonio also called Church of the Saint; the bronze altar was designed by Donatello; the Church of the Eremitani (Church of the Hermits) and the Cappella degli scrovegni (the Scrovegni Chapel) adoined with Giotto frescoes. Belluno and its province lie in an area which is almost totally mountainous; the economy is based mainly on agriculture and tourism. the Cathedral, the Palazzo dei Rettori(Chancellor's or Rector's Palace) and the Palazzo del Comune are the city's most important buildings. Treviso, Roman Tarvisium, stands on the River Sile where it is joined by the River Bottaniga; almost entirely falt. the region reaches higher ground in the Pre Alpine area; Mount Grappa being the highest peak. Because of its geographical position, the city's economy is mostly based on agriculture, especially on the production of cerals and cattle rearing. The most important place in Treviso is the Piazza dei Signori but the Duomo, the Baptistery, the Loggia dei Cavalieri and the Church of San Nicolo' are also interesting buildings to visit. Vicenza is situated on the northern skirts of Mount Berici near the confluence of the Rivers Retrone aand Bacchiglione. The Vicentina economy is quite well established in both the industrial and agricultural sector especially in textiles and mechanics and in the growing of cereals and forage. The most well known buildings in Vicenza are the Church of San Felice (St. Happy) from the medieval era, the Gothic Churches of Santa Maria dei Servi (SSt. Mary of the Servants)and San Lorenzo 9St. Lawrence) and the very beautiful Teatro Olimpico desigend by Palladio. In conclusion, Rovigo, which boasts a good agrarian economy lies in the plain of the River Po' the Pianura Padana. This city's important buildings are the Church della Beata Virginde del Soccorso, (of the Blessed Virgin of Succour) the Chiostro degli Olivetani, (the Olivetan Cloister) and the Palaces of the Roverella family and the Roncalla family which all date back to the Renaissance period. Tourist localities: Cortina d'Ampezzo and Sappada are important skiing centres. Bardolino is a well known village on Lake Garda and Chioggia Sottomarina and the Lido di Jesolo are famous seaside resorts.

Characters:

Among the famous personages from Veneto are Antonio Vivaldi, Andrea Palladio, Marco Polo, Giorgione and Carlo Goldoni, teacher at the Hospital of Mercy in Venice for almost 40 years; his most important compositions are the Quattro Stagioni (the four seasons) the Tempesta di Mare (Storm at Sea) the Cardellino and la Notte (Night). Of his private life one can only say that he was a pseudo priest having assumed the clerical collar for convenience; he died in 1741 in poverty forgotten by everyone. Palladio 1508 1580 is the nickname for Andrea Di Pietro Della Gondola; he designed most of his buildings in the late Roman style even though architecture at that time had been influenced by the designs of artists and architecks of the calibre of Bramante and Michelangelo. His career began with the building of the Villa Godi at Lonedo and the Palazzo Civena in Vicenza examples of a new modern style; then he designed the wonderful Churhces of San Giorgio Maggiore (St. George the Great) and the Redentore (The Redeemer) in Venice, and his masterpiece is the marvellous Theatre Olimpico in Vicenza. The famous Venetian traveller Marco Polo (1254-13240 is known for becoming a member of the Inner Council of the Pekingese Emperor Kubilai Khan who also entrusted him to oversee the organization of some of the provinces.Marco Polo wrote Il Milione describing his journeys and experience in the Far East. Giorgio Barbarelli, called Giorgione 1478-1510 was one of the master painters of the Venetian School of Painting. his the tre filosofi the three Philosophers the Tempesta the storm and Venere Venus are very beautiful examples from the Italian Renaissance period. Nothing is known of his private life. Lastly Carlo Goldoni 1707 1793 was a famous playwright; he wrote "La donna di gaibo" The charming woman, "La Locandiera" The Inn keeper, "Il Campiello" The small square, "Il bugiardo" The liar. After an extremely busy life in Italy Goldoni was invited to France. Here he taught the Italian language at the Comedie Italienne in Paris. About ten years befor he died, Goldoni wrote his autobiography "Memoires" in French.

History:

Our knowledge of the history of Veneto begins with the pushing out of the Gauls from the region which then came under Roman rule. The Venetians experienced three centuries of prosperity during which the cities grew and were embellished with wonderful buildings The Arena in Verona for example. This period was followed by successive barbarian invasions which caused much suffering and devastatind destruction; to escape the invaders the Venetians fled to islands in the lagoon thus creating the nucleus of a new city, Venice. After being subjected to the rule of the Longobarda, Franks and Germans the cities of Veneto split up into Communi districts and then they joine Federico Barbarossa in the famous Lega Veronese (Verona League) consisting of Verona, Vicenza. Padova and Treviso, combining to keep the Germans out of the territory once and for all. Later the Comunes of the Veneto changed to the Signorie( Lordly House or Families), the Scaligeri family governed in Verona, the Carraresi in Padova and the Da Camino in Treviso, until the State of Venice took the sitation in hand. It proposed itsel as Protector of all the Veneto cities and for two centuries governed wisely and magisterially until 1815,. In that yearr Napoleon Buonaparte annexed the Venetian Republic to Lombardy creating the Austrian Kingdom of Lombardo Veneto. From this time until 1866 (the year when Italy became united) the Venetian region fought stremously to obtain independece and the Unification of Italy.

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