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Map of Farm houses in Trentino Alto Adige


Information on Trentino Alto Adige


886.914 abitanti




In the north with Austria, in the east with Veneto, in the south with Lombardy, in the west with Switzerland.


The agriculture of Trentino is subdivided in two sectors, the first is "the subsistence agriculture" which serves to feed the local country families, the second "the special agriculture" is destinated for export which gives high profits and is widespread in less hilly , sunny areas, valleys or in some mountainous slopes. The first is present in highest and poorest areas of the region and abounds in the cereals and patatoes cultivation, whereas the second is widespread in some areas of the Adige valley and in certain mountainous areas where one finds grapes for (table wine) and high quality wines, finally in the Non valley where one finds pears and apples. Forestry and cattle breedings are also well developed in numerous areas of the region.


Trentino Alto Adige is featured as an entirely mountainous region without access to the sea and large plains, this makes Trentino Alto Adige (with a triangular shape) one of the most beautiful region of our country. After having said that it is also the most northern region in Italy , (the peak of Italy), we begin to talk about the geographical aspect of the region, by saying tha the mountainous part is divided into three large areas. The Retiche Alps to the west, the Atesine Alps to the north and the Dolomiti to the south. Regarding the first, it is important to stress this area, because one can find the highest peaks of the region, l'Ortless (3.899 m), the Cevedale (3.764 m) and the Presanella (3.566 m). The highest peaks of the Atesine Alps are the Palla Bianca (the White Ball) (3.736 m) and the Similaun (3.602 m), whereas the Dolomiti is characterized by its supendous panorama, valleys and is suitable for climbers and by Marmolada which stands at the highest altitude in this mountainous part. The important rivers are the Brenta (174 kms), the Sarca (77 kms) and above all the Adige, which is the secon longest river of Italy with its 404 kms. This watercourse crosses pratically the whole region, rising in the Val Venosta (Venosta Valley) by flowing and finishing into the Adriatic Sea, after having crossed Trento and Verona (the city of Veneto); its main tributary is the Isarco (85 kms). As well as the rivers, one must say something about the lakes of this region. They are of glacier origin and are featured by the place in which they lie, nearly all the 600 lakes lie than about 1.800 m. However here is some information about these lakes: the deepest is Lake Molveno (123 m), the highest is Lake Azzurro (3.011 m), the lowest is Lake Caldaro (214 m) and the largest is Lake Caldonazzo (5.38 sq. kms). As far the climate is concerned, it is influenced by long and rigid winters with plentyful snowfalls, by short and cool summers. Finally the Nazionale Parco (National Park) and the Stelvio Pass are to be stressed; the first, built in 1935, has an area of about 135.000 sq. kms and can boast stupendous example of ibex, chamois, deer, and eagol, while the second, sited on the frontier between Trento Alto Adige and Lombardy at an altitude at about 2.500 m, it links the high Valtellina and Switzerland with the Val Venosta (Venosta Valley) and is also a splendid tourist area. Topography: Mountain 100%.


The industry activities of Trentino Alto Adige, even if they are not well developed, have recently became important for the region's economy. The main industry sector is that of the hydroelectric production, whereas the less important sectors are the mechanics and chemicals, tobacco, paper, alluminium and alcoholic drinks, especially (beer and grappa) are particularly widespread in Trento. Also the development of the building industry is quite good, due to the high request of (hotels, pensions and housing estates). As for the services sector, tourism plays an important role because in addition to the panoramic beauty and the good hotels organization, is favoured by the communication systems and by the geographical position. Finally trade is not so developed.


The capital of Trentino Alto Adige is Trento, situated on the left bank of the Adige and surrounded by mountains with peaks up to 2.000 m; even this city is entirely mountainous, agriculture is quite developed with grape, grain and maize cultivation. The most beautiful and important monuments of Trento are the "Duomo" built in Roman style and the Seat of Council of Trento, the Buonconsiglio Castle, the old Residence of bishop-princes and the church of Santa Maria Maggiore in the Renaissance period. Tourism in Trentino is well developed, because of the cold snowy winter, (suitable for lovers of winter sports) and the cool summer (suitable for whoever whishes to avoid the sweltering beaches and cities. The other city of Trentino Alto Adige is Bolzano, sited at the confluence of Talvera watercourse with the River Isarco and lies on an important railway system, which links Italy with Austria through the Brennero Pass. As far as its mounuments are concerned, one must remember the Duomo, built in Gothic style and the church of San Giovanni in Villa (Saint John in Villa) in Roman style. Furthermore Bolzano is an important tourist centre. Touristic resorts: Madonna di Campiglio, Canazei, Bressanone, Merano and Tirolo are famous skiing centres.


The best known names of Trentino Alto Adige are Cesare Battisti, Antonio Rosmini and Alcide De Gasperi. The first (1875-1916) was one of the most valorous volunteers, when the First World War broke out, after being captured by the Austrians on Mount Corno, he was hanged inside the Castle of Buonconsiglio. He had founded many famous newspapers related to the Socialism such as "L'avvenire del lavoratore" "The worker's future" in 1896 and "Il popolo" "People" in 1900. Antonio Rosmini (1797-1855), famous priest and philosopher was the promoter of the Charity Institute and the author of various essays, such as "La costituzione secondo la giustizia sociale" "Constitution concerning social Justice" and "Le cinque piaghe della Santa Chiesa" "The five wounds fo the Holy Church". He was also one of the major representatives of the 19th century Catholic spiritualism, and affirmed the objectivity and the knowledge of reality, by realizing that the knowledge of reality was a syintesys of a subjective elaboration of intuitive details with a general idea of Being, the only form of the intellect directly placed into the human mind by God. Other less important works written by the philosopher are "La filosofia della politica" "The philosophy of politics" "Introduzione alla filosofia "Introduction to philosophy"and "Del principio supreme della metodica" "The supreme principle of method". The last personality to mention, is the politician Alcide De Gasperi (1881-1954), the well known antifascist, who first followed the Italian Popular Party and afterwards he reformed it again, giving it the name of the Christian Democracy. After being the minister for more times, from 1946 to 1953, he became the President of the Council, helping to ward the success of the post war recovery.


After various Ligurian, Etruscan, Venete and Gallic dominations, Trentino Alto Adige (since the first century BC) was ruled by the Romans for five centuries; over this period Trentina area experienced peace until it became a flowerishing and an important roman municipality (under Augustus, the empiror). After the fall of the Western Roman Empire during the 5th century AD, Trentino was looted first by the various barbarian peoples (the Vandals, the Burgundians, the Eruli and the Huns) and subsequently it was conquered by the Ostrogoths and Longobards domination; the latter was defeated by Charlemagne' s army and consequently, the region became part of the Holy Roman Empire. When in 1027 Corrado II decided to subdivide Trentino into two big feuds (Trento and Bressanone), these are given away to some priests called bishop princes who in their turn gave a part to the Lords of the locality. As a consequence there were a load of Italian Signories in Trentino, such as those of Ezzelino da Romano and Lords of Castelbarco. Furthermore in 1810 Napoleone Bonaparte was able to join Trento with the Italian Kingdom, but only five years later the region came under the Austrian power, due to the decision of the Congress of Vienna (1815), so all the Italian patriots rose up with the help of the Trentini volunteers, in 1886 thanks also to Garibaldi they almost succeed in returning the region to the Italian State. It was only in 1918, following the end of the First World War that Trentino Alto Adige was finally liberated from foreign domination.

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