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Map of Farm houses in Friuli Venezia Giulia


 

Information on Friuli Venezia Giulia


Population:

1.193.520 abitanti

Surface:

7.844

Boundaries:

In the north with Austria, in the east with Slovenia, in the south with the Adriatic Sea, in the west with the Veneto.

Agriculture:

As far as agriculture in this region is concetred one has to divide it into two areas: the high and the low plain; because of the rather infertile soil on the high plain, agriculture is of modest importance, while that of the low plain produces an abundance of maize, cereal, fruit and tobacco. Vineyards are widespread, (obviously in the hilly areas) and give a top quality grape and much sought after prestigious wine. In the mountainous areas cattle breeding is quite important. Very prolific at one time, the Friulian fishing industry has very little economic value these days; unfortunately this is because of the increase of pollution in the Adriatic Sea and the consequent decrease in the number of fish.

Landscapes:

The phisical aspect of Friuli Venezia Giulia is varied and very interesting; the region is divided into an imposing mountainous area and a vast flat plain. It should be noted that the "Alpi Carniche" (Fleshcoloured Alps) are the highest mountain chain and the tallest mountain in this range is "Monte Coglians" which reachest to a height of 2.750 m; at the foot of this alpine belt rise the "Prealpi Carniche" and the "Prealpi Giulie", where the maximum altitude is reached by the "Cima dei Preti" (Priest Peak) at 2.703 m. The plains area of the region is, in its turn, divided into the "high" and the "low" plain. The former which is a strip running along the foot hills is rather arid because the ground is permeable. On the other hand, the "low" plain is well watered and has very fertile soil through which flow the most important rivers of the region. Speaking of rivers, Friuli Venezia Giulia does not have lengthy water courses all the same, Tagliamento must be mentioned, (170 kms long) and the Isonzo, which would be the most important river of the region, runs for most of its length, through foreig territory. There is not much to say about lakes in the region. The deepest at 40 m. is called lago di Cavazzo (Lake of Cavazzo) and the one at the highest altitude is lago di Pomozio (about 2.000 m.). In conclusion it must be stressed that the region has a very cold and rainy climate in the winter months and is cool and airy during the summer. Topography: Mountain 42.6% Hill 19.3% Plain 38.1%

Industry:

Friuli Venezia Giulia industry is fairly well developed and centred principally in and around the cities of Pordenone and Trieste; these centres are important mainly for the various factories of mechanical engineering and electro mechanics at Pordenone and for huge iron and steel works and naval dockyard equipment of Trieste. Other sectors which have become quite important in recent years are those which turn out food products, textiles, chemicals, wood and cutlery. Thanks to these small and medium sized factories, the Friulian region is gradually becoming more important to the Italian economy. However, as far as the services sector is concerned, one has to admit that Friuli Venezia Giulia has lost importance compared with a few decades ago and this defect can be blamed on the notable decrease in commerce (trade). On the other hand, tourism is still flowerishing especially in the seaside resorts.

Cities:

The capital of Friuli Venezia Giulia is Trieste and stands on the eastern shore of the gulf of Trieste between the coast and the karst high ground. Once upon a time Trieste was one of the busiest parts in the world, whereas now it is only considered to be the thirty senventh, and has even suffered a noteable decrease in her industries during the last ten years; only fishing has remained at an acceptable level economically. Architecturally speaking Trieste has one importand building the Cathedral of San Giusto. It is built in the Roman style and has many 13th century mosaics. The Medieval Castle and the Castle Miramar are also very beautiful. The second most important city of the region is surely Udine; it is situated right in the middle of the vast Friulian plain. This part of Friuli is not particularly agricultural nor isit industrial; neither is it an area for tourists. It has few important buildings which are not really typical of the country; there are the churches of St.Mary of the Castle and St. Giacomo (St. James) the Duomo and the Palace of San Giovanni (St. John). Pordenone is also situated in the Friulian plain and it has a fairly well developed industrial centre, but for some time new the agricultural corncerns have shown signs of being in crisis. Among the city's most interesting buildings are the Duomo of San Marco (St. Mark) and the Town hall (Comune) Palace. The Duomo belongs to the 15th century the Palace is of the Roman era. Finally there is the town of Gorizia which lies on the left bank of the river Isonzo and on the borter with Slovenia. The economy is based mostly on industry seeing that city has both an unfovourable geographical position and the least developed agriculture in the whole region. The most well known buildings are the Churcg of Sant' Ignazio (St.Ignatius) from the baroque period of architecture, the Duomo and the Castle. A last piece of information about Friuli Venezia Giulia is of the dramatic earthquake which happened in 1976. It struck part of the region causing more than 1,000 people to be killed or injured and destroying a great number of houses; many people who were left homeless were forced to leave their much loved homeland for a long time. Touristic resorts: Lignano Sabbiadoro and Grado are famous sea-side resorts.

Characters:

The most famous names beloging to Friuli Venezia Giulia are: Italo Svevo, Umberto Saba and Niccolò Tommaso. The writer Italo Svevo (1861-1928) whose real name was Ettore Schnitz, was influenced in his writing by having known another very famous contemporary author, James Joyce; after writing "Una vita" (A life) and "Senilità" (Senility) works which passed unnoticed, he wrote the very famous book "La coscienza di Zeno" (Zeno' s conscience) in which Svevo narrates the story of the inhibitions, illusions and deficiencies of modern man with bitter and ironic knowledge. He also wrote some plays but these were never staged. Umberto Saba (1883-1957) a psendonym for Umberto Poli, has been a great contemporary poet the author of poetry which generally contained autobiography verses: the most famous collection written by Saba are "Canzoniere", "Preludio e fughe", "Fanciulle" (Young girls) and "Prose"; all texts that witnessed a resignation to pain and an interested participation by the writer in humble daily life. Finally, we come to Niccolò Tommaso (1802-1874), a famous writer of both poem and prose as well as a patriot. After meeting Rosmini in Padua and Manzoni in Milan, Tommaso was forced to go and live in France for five years, when he returned he moved from Venice to Florence where he lived to the end of his days. His most important works are "Poesie" (Poems), "Fede e Bellezza" (Faith and Beauty) and especially his great "Dictionary of Italian language" written in collaboration with Bernardo Bellini.

History:

The Trieste of today (once called Tergeste) became a Roman colony about 50 BC until the barbarian invasions; that is, until the fall of the Roman Empire when the region was invaded by Vandals, Huns, Ostrogoths and Longobards. With the end of foreign domination in the last century by the Franks, the region had to fight against the Venetian Empire for a long time because she wanted to conquer Friulian territory with the intent of making Trieste a "Free City". After surviving various governments under the French and Austrians, Friuli Venezia Giulia took part in the Italian Risorgimento, but it was only after the Victory at the conclusion of world war I that the region gained absolute freedom from Austrian domination.

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