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Map of Farm houses in Campania


 

Information on Campania


Population:

5.589.587 abitanti

Surface:

13.595

Boundaries:

To the north with Lazio, east with Molise Puglia and. Basilicata to the west with the Tyrrhenian Sea.

Agriculture:

Before talking about the agricultural activity of this region, it must be distinguished by its two areas. On the coast especially near Naples various patatoe, olive and fruit cultivations are highly developed (apricot, cherry peach, fig and plum are very important) whereas inland we only find maize and wheat cultivation which is not able to become a good source of income. Walnut growing is also important whereas cattle breeding is not flourishing in this region. Fishing is not so important; in fact in these last years it has lost some of its prestige.

Landscapes:

The region is geographly varied, half is hilly and the other half is two\third mountain and one\third plain. The highest peak of Campania is Mount Miletto (2050 m) sited to the north in the Maltese chain, whereas the other peaks are Alburno (1742 m) and Cervati (1899 m), located in the Irpinia and Cilento chain. The main plains in Campania are lying along the coast and sometimes they are very wide. A greater part of them are alluvial plains. The coast is one of the most beautiful in Italy, because it can boust.three large gulfs: the Gulf of Naples Gaeta and Salerno. The Gulf of Naples has a large numember of bays and creeks, that of Gaeta has flat coast surrounded by dunes and that of Salerno is highlighted by the flat coast of Sele and the high coast along the Hilly peninsula. The principal rivers of the region are the Volturno (175 kms), even if it rises in Molise and the Sile (74k ms). Despite the lack of watercourses on the Apennine in Campania, the rivers are always full. The reason of this factor is very simple: rainwater is almost entirely absorbed by the limestone terrain, through caves inside the mountains, then they disappear and reapper as springs that are at the foot of the mountains. The climate is typically mediterranean with mild winters and airy summers. Important to remember is Vesuvius the Typical vulcan, so called (fenced in), made up of two cones placed one above the other but not cocentric; the inside one is more recent then the other one. It is 1.277 m high and has a large crater with a perimeter of about 1kms and half, Vesuvius is famous for its catastrophic eruption in 79 A.D. In fact that year it wholly destroyed the cities of Pompei, Ercolano and Stabia. Finally there are no very large lakes in Campania. Topography: Mountain 34,6% Hill 50,8% Plain 14,6%

Industry:

Campania is one of the most industrialised regions of Southern Italy on account of its important factories such as iron steel works mechanics electromechanics chemicals crude oil clothing sectors. Coral working is a local handicraft, which together with the production of cameos, is a good source of income. As well as the above mentioned,the production of glass and leather goods in Vetri sul Mare (a locality sited in the suburb of Salerno) is quite good. Concerning the services sector, the region is known for its brisk trade (thanks to the port of Naples) and for the enormous number of tourists, two sectors which increase the economy of the region, which otherwise would be seriously comprimised.

Cities:

The capital city is Naples which is situated on the north east coast of the wide homonymous bay. Although it is the one of.the leading centres of traffic in Italy, Naples is not as developed as the other large centres; this factor is mainly due to the lack of rail and road communications with Europe, and also the poverty of the inland region. However, important industries.are those of mechanics, metallurgy, alimentary and textiles, but the port is still one of the most important ports in Italy, even though it is not as important as it was in the XIX century. Regarding agriculture, it is based upon the apricot,cherry,,peach fig walnut tomatoe patatoe cultivation. The city preserves numerous and beautiful monuments such as the Churches of S.Maria Donnaregina, S. Lorenzo Maggiore and Incoronata then the Catel Nuovo (New Castle) flanked by the beautiful Arco di trionfo (Arch of Triumph) the Certosa of San Marino the Church of Santa Teresa (Saint Theresa) Chiaia, the Partanna Palace, the Royal Palace of Annunziata. A famous suburb of Naples is Pompei, a stupendous art and tourist centre, which still preserves the ruins of the ancient civilizations, present before the eruption of Vesuvius. Another city of Capania is Salerno,sited at the mouths of the Irno the furthest part internal of the bay of the same name and brisk trading port ,the home of small alimentary, mechanics and shipyard industries.The main economical resouces are agriculture (fruit,olive,cereal) and fishing, whereas, tourist industries are beginning to develop. The most important buildings of the city are the Duomo, the Churches of Crocefisso and Annunziata and the Arco of Arechi (Arch of Arechi). Agriculture is an important resource for Avellino too,with various cherry, apricot, walnut and olive cultivations, whereas industry is not well developed (textile and furniture industries are quite good). The only leading monuments are the Duomo, the Palace of Dogana and the Clock Tower. Benevento,sited at the confluence of the River Calore and the River Sabato, has an economy which is mainly based on agriculture produces (cereal,fruit,and tobacco) whereas industry is less developed. However art handicrafts are increasing. The most important monuments of the city is the Arco di Traiano (Trayan's Arch) of the Roman era, which is also called "Porta Aurea" (Aurea Gate); other interesting monuments are the Castello dei Rettori (Castle of Rettori), the Church of S.Sofia (S.Sophia) and the Cathedral. The last city to mention is Caserta, a locality sited on the left of the Volturno and its economy is based on agriculture like many other districts; in fact hemp ceral patatoe and olive produces, while the industrial sector is alimentary, tobacco, and clothing factories. The only beautiful monument in Caserta is the Reggia a grand building on a rectangular plan, and inside it is subdivided into four courts. Tourist localities: Castellamare of Stabia, and Capri (with its stupendous Blue Grotto), Ischia and the. Amalfi coast are well known as seaside resorts, the thermal baths of Cesamiccola are also famous. Finally Naples, which is known for its.artistical beauty, includes the stupendous ruins of Pompei.

Characters:

According to history, the best known persons were Settembrini Luigi and Torquato Tasso. The first (1813 1876) was a fammous Neapolitan writer and patriot, teacher at Catanzaro liceo and author of "Protesta del popolo delle due Sicile" "The protest from the people of the two Sicilies", a strong anti Bourbon publication. Because of this work,he was froced to take refuge in Malta and when he returned to Italy he was condemnade to death by the Bourbons, but then he was sentenced to life imprisonment on the Island of S.Stefano. Over this period in prison, he carried on writing and translating. Consequently, when the Bourbon domination was coming to an end, he was freed and began to teach italian litterature at the University of Naples. His famous opera "Ricordanze della mia vita" "memories of my life" was published posthumously. The other person of Campania oringins, is Tasso Torquato (1544 1595) illustious poet of the XVI century and the author of the famous poems "Rinaldo" "Gerusalemme liberata" and "I dialoghi"Gerusalemme freed" "Dialogs". His poetry is a chiaro scuro and fruit of a profound intellectual and moral travail,which always tormented him.

History:

We shall examining the history of this region from the VIII century B.C., numerous Greek colonies came ashore along the coast of the Gulf of Naples and a large part of today's Camapania. They built huge temples and founded the early cities. After this the Etruscans, who stayed in the region for about a century, ruling Campania peacefully, they left the property to the Samnites who ruled the country for about two centuries. Afterwards, the region came under the Roman domination,which lasted for seven centuries, throughout this period Campania began to value is resouces. The Romans developed the agriculture activity of the region and created several industries, but in the V century A.D. or thereabouts, the Roman domination began to decline, the region suffered from the violent invasions of the Barbarians, (the Goths, the Byzantines, the Longobards and the Normans). Campania began to improve its conditions around the XIII century, when it became part of the Kingdom of Federico II of Svevia, in fact its industries started to prosper again. Afterwards the Angevins and the Aragonesi ruled and enriched the cities with new buildings. From the XVI century, the region went through a desperate Historical period; at first Campania was dominated by the Spanish and subsequently by the Austrians, both dominations demanded high taxes from the people creating a very unhappy atmosphere. In 1734,the year in which Carlo di Borbone was able to defeat the Austrian army, Campania and especially Naples became beautiful with grand new buildings. From 1806 and 1815 the region came under the Napoleonic rule, but the Congress of Vienna (1815) (after the defeat of the Frech Empiror) handed back Campania to the Bourbons. As a conseguence many revolts broke out in the region without any success. Since 1861 Campania has been a part of the Italian Kingdom.

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