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Map of Farm houses in Calabria


 

Information on Calabria


Population:

2.037.686 abitanti

Surface:

15.080

Boundaries:

In the north with Basilicata and east and south with the Inonian Sea and in the west with the Tirrhenian Sea.

Agriculture:

Because of a poor soil and the still undeveloped agrarian technique, the agricultural activity of Calabria shows some evident signs of crisis. The only produce that can be mentioned in this paragraph, is the cultivation of olives, patatoes, mandarins, lemons. oranges and figs. A feature of the region is the culture of Bergamotto (a luscious variety of pear) a typical local fruit. Cattle breeding and fishing are not particularly important. In the end wine culture is gradually influencing the regional economy.

Landscapes:

This typical region stretches out up to 250 kms between the Ionian and the Tyrrhenian Sea: the Appenine, which crosses Calabria along its length, constitutes four massive groups, separated by narrow valleys: the Mount Rollino group in the north, the tableland of Sila in the centre of the region; the Pecorara and the Aspromonte mountains in the south. The highest mountain of Calabria is Pollino (2271 m), whereas in the groups of Sila and Aspromonte there are peaks which reach 2000 metres. The huge mountain of Sila spreads over an area of 300 sq. kms and is full of woods of age old beech, chestnut, fir, and pine trees. The watercourses, which descend from mountains, can not become real rivers, because the region is almost entirely occupied by mountains. Most of them stay as short streams which run along steep sides of the mountains and flow into the sea quickly . These streams are called "Fiumare". Only four of the plains in the region are reasonably wide, the Plain of Sibari ,the Plain of Sant'Eufemia, the Plain of Gioia Tauro and the Plain named "Marchesato". The Climate of the region is mediterranean. The coasts of Calabria stretch out for about 680 kms and are very indented, so they form several inlets as the Gulf of S. Eufemia and Gioia on the Tyrrhenian versant, and the Gulf of Squillace on the Ionic versant. Topography: Mountain 41,8% Hill 49,2% Plain 9%

Industry:

The most important industries of the region are the alimentary, the paper manufacturing, metal mechanics ones, which are of small or of average size. However various sectors of the region are not as industrialised as the the sectors of the other regions, because of the lack of efficient rail and road comunications. Last but not least is the shortage of funds. Tourism development is quite good but it is not organized, and has not got a large number of hotels. Then we have to emphazise the importance of public employment.

Cities:

The capital of this region is Catanzaro sited in the south of Silva Piccola and on the summit of Mount Trivona. The economy of Catanzaro is quite developed,in the textile and alimentary sectors, in making by hand of silk and ceramics, and also in vegetable, olive. and patatoe cultivation. Tourism is good in this area, the only monuments of the city, which are so important are the Duomo, and the Churches of Immacolata and Rosario. Reggio di Calabria, located on the coast of the Strait of Messina at the foot of the western outcrop of the Aspromonte and is the junction of the important lines of communication, (sea and road). The city is a remarkable agricultural centre, with various citrus fruit, olive, grape, cereal cultivation, whereas industry is still underdeveloped, but mainly directed on convertion of agriculture products. Tourism, handicraft and fishing are being developed, but unfortunately the city does not have any monuments. Cosenza on the southern edge of Vallo di Crati is influenced by a good agricultural produce of (patatoes, olives, grapse, fruits, cerals) and by mechanics, woodwork, and agricultural product industries. The most interesting monuments of the city are the Roman Cathedral, the Norman Castle, and the Churches of S.Francesco d'Assisi and San Francesco di Paola. Crotone and Vibo Valentia have been the capital towns since 1992, and are small characteristic Calabrian centres. The first is more industrialised, especially in chemical, mining, metallurgical and alimentary sectors; while the second has few important monuments ( the Norman Castle and the Church of S.Leoluca Collegiate). Tourist localities: Praia a Mare, Scalea, Marina Schiavonea, Tropea, Capo Rizzuto, Bagnara Calabra e Soverato are well known as seaside resorts, whereas Cosenza and Vibo Valentia are well known as tourist spots for their ancient buildings.

Characters:

A famous name of Calabrian origin is Tommaso Campanella (1568-1639) a well known philosopher of the last years of the 16th century. In 1599 he set up the foundation of a theocratic republic influenced by unhappy people, who were against the nobles and the clergy and took part in Christian reform. After being shut up in prison for 27 years, because he had organized a plot, Campanella transfered first to Rome and then to Paris; so here under Cardinal Richelieu's protection, he was finally able to publish his many works, written in prison. His most importan operas are " Theologia" "Theology", "De sensu rerum et magia" and "Philosophia rationalis" "The rational philosophy". Francesco Cilea (1866-1950), a famous composer, undertook his studies at the conservatory of Naples. "Adriana Lecouvreur", "Gioia" and "L'Arlesiana" represent his leading compositions. Last was Guglielmo Pepe (1738-1855), a general and patriot, in 1821 he made victorious entry in Naples as the head of the constitutionalists. Unfortunately in the same year, he was defeated by the Austrians in Rieti, and escaped abroad. He came back to Naples in 1848, and went to Venice to take up command of the city defence.

History:

In the V century B.C. the country, which is now Calabria, was a part of Magna Greece, and it was a rich and populous country. From the III century B.C. it was fought over by the Romans and the Bruzi for several years. During these years , the latter made an alliance with the Greeks, the Lucani and during the Second Punic War with the Carthaginians. After the fall of the Roman Empire Calabria was invaded by many Barbarian peoples , such as The Goths, the Longobards, the Byzantines and the Normans. The latter allowed the region to develop: agriculture and commerce. But this Norman Empire did not last very long; in fact the next invaders were the Svevi, the Angevins, the Aragonesi then the French and the Spanish. In 1783 when Calabria began to recover some of its antique splendor under the Bourbons; a tremendous earthquake caused a lot of deaths and disaster. Robbery was on the increase, because of poverty, but it was remedied by the Italian gouvernment, when Calabria came under its supremacy.

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